Organic & Natural Products

Smooth Sumac Seeds - 20 Seeds


Smooth Sumac Seeds
Rhus glabra

Description : Rhus glabra is native to North America, from southern Quebec west to southern British Columbia in Canada, and south to northern Florida and Arizona in the United States and Tamaulipas in northeastern Mexico.One of the easiest shrubs to identify throughout the year (unless mistaken for Rhus vernix, poison sumac, in the absence of mature fruit) smooth sumac has a spreading, open-growing shrub growing up to 3 m tall, rarely to 5 m. The leaves are alternate, 30-50 cm long, compound with 11-31 leaflets, each leaflet 5-11 cm long, with a serrated margin. The leaves turn scarlet in the fall. The flowers are tiny, green, produced in dense erect panicles 10-25 cm tall, in the spring, later followed by large panicles of edible crimson berries that remain throughout the winter. The buds are small, covered with brown hair and borne on fat, hairless twigs. The bark on older wood is smooth and grey to brown.
Habitat : Canyons & valleys, Fields, Scrub, shrub & brushlands.
Range : Southwest, Eastern Canada, Northwest, Great Lakes, Mid-Atlantic, Texas, Plains, Florida, New England, California, Southeast, Rocky Mountains.
Comments : This is the dominant sumac of blackland prairies. Plants of Rocky Mountain origin are usually separated into the variety cismontana. This dwarf variety is becoming popular in cultivation. In a planned landscape, the species is most effective when drifts or colonies, typical of natural settings, are allowed to establish. Colonies can be rejuvenated every few years by cutting them to the ground in mid-winter. Sumacs will grow in dry waste areas, such as impossible slopes where even junipers struggle. They are fast growing, generally pest and disease-free, and drought-tolerant. Colonies are often single-sexed, formed from a single, suckering parent. Only female plants produce flowers and berries.
Exposure : Preference Sun.
Leaf : Alternate, pinnately compound, 12 to 18 inches long, 11 to 31 lanceolate leaflets per leaf, each 2 to 4 inches long with a serrated margin, dark green above, paler and finely hairy below.
Flower : Species is dioecious; small, with pale yellow petals, borne in a dense upright cluster up to 8 inches long, appearing in mid to late summer.
Fruit : A small (1/8 inch) reddish, round, finely hairy drupe borne in dense upright cluster. The panicles typically droop when mature in the fall and persist into winter. May - June (in south); July (in north)
Twig : Stout, lacking hairs and often with a bluish glaucous bloom; buds are small, rounded and covered with light brown hairs, nearly encircled by leaf scar.
Bark : Brown-gray and smooth, with numerous lenticels, developing scaly ridges with age.
Form : A shrub or small tree up to 10 feet with a short or multi-stemmed trunk and wide spreading, open crown.
Native Distribution : Maine to Florida, w. to British Columbia, e. Oregon, Nevada & Mexico
Site Preference : Roadsides; fields; wood borders; waste places
Soil Preference : Most dry soils.
Soil pH : 6.1-7.
Wildlife Value : Winter food for many upland gamebirds, songbirds, and large and small mammals.

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  • Model: SUMAC-SMOOTH-20
  • Shipping Weight: 0.1lbs
  • 1056 Units in Stock
  • Manufactured by: N.E. Growers Assn.

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This product was added to our catalog on Sunday 15 November, 2015.

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