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Broadleaf Cattail Seeds - 100+ Count


Broadleaf Cattail Seeds
Typha latifolia (Syn: Massula latifolia)
Cat-o’-Nine-Tails, Punk, Smokers, Soft Flag, Reedmace, Corndog Grass, Raupo, Cossack Asparagus, Reedmace, Corndog Grass, Raupo


Description: Broadleaf cattail is an erect, rhizomatous, semiaquatic or aquatic, perennial herb. The stout rhizomes, which are located 3 to 4 inches below the soil surface, grow up to 27 inches in length and are typically 0.2 to 1.2 inches in diameter. Broadleaf cattail reproduces sexually and asexually. Vegetative reproduction occurs through an extensive rhizome system and is responsible for the maintenance and expansion of existing stands. Sexual reproduction via seed dispersal and seedling establishment.
Soil pH: 6 to 8
Soil Type: Sand, clay, no drainage, and seasonal flooding
Care Level Easy
Zones: 2 – 11
Light Natural
Placement Background
Conditions 60-80°F;
Propagation Seeds
Maximum Spread Up to 3'
Color Form Green, Brown/Green
Dominance Semi-Aggressive
Origin America
Family Typhaceae
Flower: May-July.
Habitat: Freshwater marshes.
Seedhead: Plants are monoecious, with each flower stalk being topped by two sets of minute flowers densely packed into a cylindrical inflorescence. Yellowish male (staminate) flowers are located at the top of the inflorescence and greenish female (pistillate) flowers are located underneath. In this species, the staminate and pistillate flowers are not separated by a gap. Flowers bloom in summer and after bloom the male flowers rapidly disperse, leaving a naked stalk tip. The pollinated female flowers turn brown as the seeds mature, forming the familiar cylindrical, sausage-like, cattail fruiting spike (to 9” long in this species). Broadleaf cattail is a prolific producer of minute seeds. Each spike may contain 117,000 to 268,000 seeds. At maturity, the spike bursts under dry conditions, releasing the fruits. Each fruit has bristly hairs that aid in wind dispersal. When the fruit comes in contact with water, the pericarp opens rapidly, releasing the seed, which then sinks. In wet weather the fruits often fall to the ground in dense mats.
Leaves: Broadleaf cattail has 12-16 narrow, upright, sword-like, mostly basal green leaves. The leaves are 3/8 – 5/8 inch wide and up to 7 feet long. Leaves are alternate, long, linear, flat and sheathing. Leaf sheaths are open, cylindrical and without auricles.
Stems: Each vegetative shoot is 0.3 to 0.6 inch wide and 3 to 10 feet tall. It is stiff, unbranched, and usually rises equal to slightly less than the height of the leaves. Range: Throughout North America, except Arctic. Southern cattail occurs in seeps, springs, canyon bottoms and wet meadows at elevations from 2,800-6,000’. It occurs in most counties in Utah. It grows in semiaquatic or riparian areas.
Discussion: By its creeping rootstocks, this typical marsh perennial forms dense stands in shallow water and provides a favorable habitat for red-winged blackbirds, as well as other marsh birds, and other wildlife. The rootstock is mostly starch and edible; it was ground into meal by Native Americans, and the early colonists also used it for food. The young shoots can be eaten like asparagus, the immature flower spikes can be boiled and eaten like corn on the cob, and the sprouts at the tip of the rootstock can be used in salads or boiled and served as greens. The closely related Narrow-leaf Cattail (T. augustifolia) has narrower leaves, up to 1/2" (1.3 cm) across, a narrower fruiting head, less than 3/4" (2 cm) wide, and a gap between the male and female flower clusters. The Dwarf Cattail is a smaller version of the common cattail and makes an excellent background plant. They are great for small ponds as well as tub and container gardening. Dwarf Cattails should be planted in one-gallon or larger containers when transplanting or moving to a new environment. The foliage is very narrow and grass-like in appearance and small, round, dark brown flower spikes add to its charm. May reach 12 to 36" in height. Grows with 1-6" of water over its root-spot. Spreads rapidly by runners. Zones 2 – 11.
Associated Species: Sedges, hardstem bulrush, common reed, tall wheatgrass, inland saltgrass and alkali cordgrass.


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  • Model: CATTAIL-BROAD-100
  • Shipping Weight: 0.1lbs
  • 105976 Units in Stock
  • Manufactured by: Various Sources

This product was added to our catalog on Thursday 22 October, 2015.

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