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Alder-Leaf Birch Tree Seed - 30 Seeds


Alder-leaf Birch
Betula alnoides
Alder Leaf Birch, Alternate Leaf (False) Birch), Alderman Birch, Spire Birch

Description: Small to medium tree with rounded crown of spreading and drooping branches, usually forming clumps and often in thickets.

USDA Zones: 3b – 8a
: 25' feet to 50 feet

Diameter: 6 – 12 inches
Type: Deciduous
: 3/4-2" (2-5 cm) long, 3/4-1" (2-2.5 cm) wide.  Ovate; sharply and often doubly saw-toothed; usually with 4-5 veins on each side.  Dark green above, pale yellow-green with tiny gland-dots beneath; turning dull yellow in autumn.

Bark: Shiny, dark reddish-brown; smooth, with horizontal lines, not peeling.
Twigs: Greenish, slender, with gland-dots.
Soil: Most soils work very well for birch trees.  Soil pH optimally 6.1 – 7.5.  Remove large rocks prior to permanent placement.
Prefers filtered sunlight, but will tolerate full to partial sun conditions well.
Keep moist for first season, not very water needy after establishment; 1 – 2 growing season.
: Tiny; in early spring.  Male yellowish, with 2 stamens, many in long drooping catkins near tip of twigs.  Female greenish, in short upright catkins back of tip of same twig.

Cones: 1-1 1/4" long; cylindrical, brownish, upright or spreading on slender stalk; with many 2-winged nutlets; maturing in late summer.
Habitat: Moist soil along streams in mountain canyons, usually in coniferous forests and with cottonwoods and willows.
Range: NE. British Columbia, east to S.  Manitoba, and south to N.  New Mexico and California; at 2000-8000'.  Native throughout the eastern U.S. from Main to Southern Georgia.  Hs been planted extensively in the Southwest and Pacific Northwest as a specimen planting, and landscape accent plant.
Propagation: Cold Stratify at 40` for 60-75 days.  Direct sow or starter planter at 70-85`.  Germanton will begin in 4 – 6 weeks.  Keep seedbed moist.  Seedlings require light shade for 2 to 3 months during the first summer.
Known Dangers: None
All birches are uncommon for their bark traits.  Shredding, peeling bark, and horizontal lines on multicolored trunks are the trademark of true birches.  Each is distinct in its own display of exfoliating bark.  Some have strips, some sheets, and some almost none at al, but provide a deeply ingrained colored bark with striations of color running perpendicular to the height of the tree.

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  • Shipping Weight: 0.1lbs
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  • Manufactured by: Private Grower

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This product was added to our catalog on Tuesday 19 April, 2016.

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