Organic & Natural Products

American Beech Tree Seeds - 15 Count


American Beech
Fagus grandifolia

Description: Large tree with rounded crown of many long, spreading and horizontal branches, producing edible beechnuts.
Height: 60-80' (18-24 m).
Diameter: 1-2 1/2" (0.3-0.8 m).
Leaves: Spreading in 2 rows; 2 1/2-5" (6-13 cm) long, 1-3" (2.5-7.5 cm) wide. Elliptical or ovate, long-pointed at tip; with many straight parallel slightly sunken side veins and coarsely saw-toothed edges; short-stalked. Dull dark blue-green above, light green beneath, becoming hairless or nearly so; turning yellow and brown in fall.
Bark: Light gray; smooth, thin.
Twigs: Slender, ending in long narrow scaly buds, with short side twigs or spurs.
Flowers: With new leaves in spring. Male flowers small, yellowish with many stamens, crowded in ball 3/4-1" (2-2.5 cm) in diameter, hanging on slender hairy stalk to 2" (5 cm). Female flowers about 1/4" (6 mm) long, bordered by narrow hairy reddish scales, 2 at end of short stalk.
Fruit: 1/2-3/4" (12-19 mm) long; short-stalked light brown prickly burs; maturing in autumn and splitting into 4 parts. Usually 2 nuts, about 5/8" (15 mm) long, 3-angled, shiny brown, known as beechnuts.
Habitat Moist rich soils of uplands and well-drained lowlands; often in pure stands.
Range: S. Ontario, east to Cape Breton Island, south to N. Florida, west to E. Texas and north to N. Michigan; a variety in mountains of NE. Mexico; to 3000' (914 m) in north and to 6000' (1829 m) in southern Appalachians.
Discussion: American Beech was recognized by the colonists, who already knew the famous, closely related European Beech. American Beech is a handsome shade tree and bears similar edible beechnuts, which are consumed in quantities by wildlife, especially squirrels, raccoons, bears, other mammals, and game birds. Unlike most trees, beeches retain smooth bark in age. The trunks are favorites for carving and preserve initials and dates indefinitely.
Of all our deciduous trees, the American beech has the most easily recognizable bark: it is pale gray and smooth. The dried leaves sometimes remain on the branches of young trees all winter. Since bears like to eat beech seeds, called beechnuts, claw marks can sometimes be seen on a trunk where a bear has climbed to the top of the tree.
Beeches grow in rich, well-drained soil on bottomlands and slopes. This tree sometimes forms pure stands, but is generally associated with sugar maple, yellow birch and hemlock.
The color of its wood goes from white to reddish brown. Numerous rays give it a mottled appearance. It is heavy, hard and very strong. It is used to manufacture flooring and furniture, as well as handles for tools and kitchen utensils.
Connections: Legends, both fanciful and true, have been inscribed in the beech's smooth bark. American adventurer Daniel Boone carved in a tree in Tennessee:
"D. Boone Cilled A Bar On Tree In Year 1760."
"I frequently tramped eight or ten miles though the deepest snow to keep an appointment with a beech-tree." -Henry David Thoreau, 1817-1862

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  • Model: BEECH-AMERICAN-15
  • Shipping Weight: 0.1lbs
  • 0 Units in Stock
  • Manufactured by: Private Grower

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This product was added to our catalog on Friday 15 April, 2016.

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