Organic & Natural Products

Balsam Fir Tree Seeds - 20 Count


Balsam Fir Tree Seeds
Abies balsamea

Northeast Fir, North East Fir, Northeastern Fir, New England Fir, Boston Fir, Canadian Balsam, Newfoundland Fir, Blister Fir

Description : The only fir native to the Northeast, with narrow, pointed, spire like crown of spreading branches and aromatic foliage. Small to medium-size evergreen tree with a narrow conic crown. Bark smooth, grey, and with resin blisters which spray when ruptured, becomes rough, fissured and scaly on old trees. Leaves flat needle-like, 15 to 30 mm. (O–1 in.) long, dark green above often with a small patch of stomata near the tip, and two white stomatal bands below, and a slightly notched tip. Arranged spirally on the shoot, but with the leaf bases twisted to appear in two more-or-less horizontal rows. Cones erect, 40 to 80 mm. (1O–3 in.) long, dark purple, ripening brown and disintegrating to release the winged seeds in September.
USDA Zones : Zones 2b – 7b.
Elevation : 4000 feet
Height : 40-60' ft, with specimens to 85’
Width : 20 – 30 feet
Diameter: 1-1/2'
Growth Rate: Slow to medium initially, and then accelerate after the first 1 year.
Trunk : Long clear bole surmounted by a pyramidal crown.
Bark : Light brown, thin, smooth, with many resin blisters, becoming scaly.
Branches : Diverging from trunk at right angles, short, stiff; twigs mostly opposite, darker brown abaxially, light brown adaxially, pubescence tan. Buds small, spherical, brown, globose, 6-9 mm diameter, with violet wax; basal scales short, broad, triangular, densely pubescent, usually not resinous, margins entire, apex sharp-pointed.
Origin : Canada: Alberta, Saskatchewan; Manitoba, Ontario, Québec, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Newfoundland; France: St. Pierre and Miquelon; USA: Minnesota, Michigan, Wisconsin, Iowa, West Virginia, Virginia, Pennsylvania, New York, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Vermont, New Hampshire, and Maine.
Leaves: Needles evergreen; 1/2-1" (1.2-2.5 cm) long. Spreading almost at right angles in 2 rows on hairy twigs, curved upward on upper twigs; flat, with rounded tip (sometimes notched or sharp-pointed). Very aromatic and pleasant. Shiny dark green above, with 2 narrow whitish bands beneath.
Cones 2-3 1/4" (5-8 cm) long; cylindrical; dark purple; upright on topmost twigs; cone-scales finely hairy, bracts mostly short and hidden; paired long-winged seeds.
Seeds: Obovoid, reddish, winged, up to 2.5 cm long.
Sun: Sheltered, partial sunny position.
Soil: Likes cool, wet forest conditions; thrives in deep, moist well drained acid soils with plenty of humus.
Propagation : Via seed or layering in its natural habitat. Collect the seed in the fall and then store it for a while in below freezing conditions (cold stratification) before planting.
Discussion : A major pulpwood species. Interior knotty pine paneling is a special product; Christmas trees, wreaths, and balsam pillows utilize the aromatic foliage. Canada balsam, an aromatic oleoresin obtained from swellings or resin blisters in the bark, is used for mounting microscopic specimens and for optical cement. Deer and moose browse the foliage in winter.

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  • Model: FIR-BALSAM-20
  • Shipping Weight: 0.1lbs
  • 3627 Units in Stock
  • Manufactured by: Downright Natrual

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This product was added to our catalog on Tuesday 17 November, 2015.

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